General Paper Format   (Download)

General Instructions:

Our journals consider all manuscripts on the strict condition that they have been submitted only to that journal and that they have not been published already. They must not be under consideration for publication or in press elsewhere

Scientists can submit their manuscript and monitor the progress of submitted manuscripts via web-based manuscript submission and tracking system. The system requires registration, with one user id (your e-mail address) and a password, which can be used across multiple journals

It is recommended that an English check of the manuscript by a competent and knowledgeable native speaker be completed before submission. Only manuscripts that are written in clear and concise English will be accepted for review must use the American spelling and usage as well as standard scientific usage.

The Journal publishes Regular Articles, Notes, Communications, and Reviews. With the exception of Invited Reviews, the members of the editorial board, whose opinions will form the basis of the final decision by the editor, will review manuscripts.

Note: If an online registration system or online submission system not working, then manuscript can directly be sent to the following email:

Manuscript Accepted:

Research Articles:

New, significant, innovative and original findings are suitable as Research Article (tables, figures, and references) and encompass.

Notes: Papers containing new facts and important data derived from incomplete or partial studies may be suitable as a Note. In general, a Note should not exceed 4 printed pages.

Case Reports:

Should contain a concise description of no more than 1250 words, exclusive of the abstract, legends, tables and references, illustrated with no more than 3 figures, emphasizing the aspects and including methodology, data and correlative studies.


Communications should contain new and important information that would be of interest to readers of the Journal, making urgent publication is desirable. An explanatory statement is required for urgent publication. In general, a Communication should not exceed 2 printed pages. Please indicate in the cover letter the reason why the manuscript should be treated as a Communication.


Regular Reviews: Full length and Mini-Reviews, Describing the research results of the author.  Invited Reviews: Reviews are submitted by invitation from the editorial board and encompass recent important scientific discoveries.

Key Instructions:

Manuscripts should be prepared double-spaced in Microsoft Word, with lines and pages numbered consecutively, using Times New Roman font at 12 points. New users must register before the submission of the new manuscript. After registration, users would be able to submit a new manuscript and track the progress of the submitted manuscript. If you have already created user id, you are not required to register again, log on using your existing email address and password. Postal submission will only be accepted in electronic format. Submissions by fax or by post are not acceptable.

Manuscript Includes:


The title page should start with the journal name (Like the Asian Journal of Medical Sciences) and type of manuscript (Research, Review Article, Short Communication, and Note, etc.), this should be followed by the appropriate section for the manuscript. The title, name(s) of the author(s) and affiliations and mailing address, an asterisk (*) should be added to the right of the corresponding author’s name. When there are two or more authors and they belong to more than one affiliation, the connection between each author. His or her affiliation should be indicated by superscripts 1, 2, 3 … placed after each author’s name and before each affiliation.


The abstract consists not more than 250 words in one paragraph and containing the main findings and conclusions.

Summarize the relevant results in a brief but understandable form, beginning with a clear statement of the objective and ending with the conclusions.

Abstract should be presented without subheadings and no reference should be cited in this section.

Please make sure names of genes are in italics whereas proteins are in normal font. Et al., in vivo, in vitro, drosophila, Xenopus, etc. should be in italics.


List up to 6 keywords including the species, variables tested and the major response criteria. Which clearly identifies the paper’s subject, purpose, and spotlight. The first letter of each keyword is lowercase (unless a proper noun).

Keywords are separated by commas and presented in alphabetical order.

Words from the title should avoid repeating as keywords


Keep the introduction short. Precise the introduction in a significant manner and exclude all subheadings. The basic principles of research, background earlier work and the purpose of the present studies should be described in the introduction.

The introduction should briefly justify the research, specifies the hypotheses to be tested and gives the objective(s). An extensive discussion of relevant literature should be included in the Discussion.

Materials and Methods:

A clear description or specific original reference is required for all biological, analytical and statistical procedures. All modifications of procedures must be explained. Appropriate statistical methods should be used although biology should be emphasized. A statement of the results of the statistical analysis should justify the interpretations and conclusions.

Results and Discussions

The results are presented in the form of tables or figures when feasible if data are discussed in the text but not presented in the tables or figures, specify, “Data not shown” in the text. The text should explain or elaborate on the tabular data, but numbers should not be repeated within the text. Sufficient data, all with some index of variation attached, should be presented to allow the reader to interpret the results of the experiment. The discussion should interpret the results clearly and concisely in terms of biological mechanisms and significance and also should integrate the research findings with the body of previously published literature to provide the reader with a broad base on which to accept or reject the hypotheses tested. Focused on the interpretation of the results rather than a repetition of the results section. Explain how the results relate to previous findings, whether in support, contradiction, or simply as added data. Highlight the significant/unique findings of the research under the conclusion. Precise the whole discussion portion in a significant manner and give some Recommendations.

Note: Authors have the option of combining the results and discussion into one section.


Special characters (e.g., Greek and symbols) should be inserted using the symbols palette available in is font. Complex equations should be entered using Math-Type or an equation editor. Tables and figures should be placed in separate sections at the end of the manuscript (not placed in the text). Authors should prepare their manuscript in Microsoft Word and upload the manuscripts using the fewest file possible to facilitate the review and editing processes.

Figures, Tables and Charts/Diagrams Showing Chemical Structures:

Only one figure, table, or chart should appear on one page of an A4-sized paper (both portrait and landscape paper orientations can be used). Provide self-explanatory captions of all tables and figures in a separate page. Arabic numbers should be used for all compound numbers, figures, and tables (e.g. Fig. 1 and Table 1). Put all figures and tables in ascending order. Label x-axis and y-axis of figures. All figures legends should be clearly explained. Each column must have a heading (e.g., Item, Ingredient, Trait, Fatty acid). In the body of the table, references to footnotes should be numerals. Each footnote should begin on a new line.

The final quality of your illustrations as they appear in the journal depends on the quality with which you send them to us. If poor resolutions figures resent, poor quality images are reproduced. Always take the primary photographs with maximal resolution (for digital cameras, set the resolution option to maximum).

As a general, manipulate images as little as possible, so as to avoid losing resolution, and always accompany your submission with original format of the file before exporting to other formats such as JPG, JPEG, PNG, TIFF, EPS (for photograph and screen dumps) EPS, PDF (for line drawings). If exporting images to other applications, ensure that you export at maximal resolution (not at 72 dpi). Always submit a set of good, photographic quality hart copies of your artwork with the final version of the accepted paper. If scanning photos, do so with the resolution of 300 B 600 dpi.


The nomenclature used for chemical compounds shall be in accordance with the nomenclature rules.


To provide readers with numerical examples or give extensive detail of analytical procedures, an appendix or appendices can be included.


Acknowledgment section may be included if the author wants to acknowledge the funding agency of a scientist(s).


In the text body of the manuscript, refer to authors as the number of the reference in the end for example (1) (2) or (1,2).

When there are more than 2 authors of an article, the first author’s name is followed by the abbreviation et al. More than 1 article listed in the same sentence or parentheses must be in chronological order first and alphabetical order for 2 publications in the same year.

Published articles and not abstracts should be cited whenever possible; if the work was originally described in an abstract, the author(s) should use a literature search to determine if the work has been published as a peer-reviewed article.

Personal communications and unpublished data must not be included in the references list.

To be listed in the references list, papers must be published or accepted for publication (in press).

In the references list, references are listed Numerically like 1,2,3,4.

The year of publication follows the authors’ names. As with text citations, 2 or more publications by the same author or set of authors in the same year shall be differentiated by adding lowercase letters after the date.

All authors’ names must appear in the references list. Journals shall be abbreviated according to the international standard format.

Inclusive volumes, page numbers, and editions must be provided.

Format of References List:

Journal Articles: Ouyang, D., J. Bartholic, and J. Selegean, 2005. Assessing sediment loading from agricultural croplands in the Great Lakes Basin. J. Am. Sci., 1(2): 14-21.

A Book: Michael, B., S. Richard, J. Gelles, and A. Levine, 1984. Sociology: An Introduction. 2nd Edn., Random House, New York.

AOAC., 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th Edn. Association Official Analytical Chemists. Washington D.C., pp: 805-845.

NRC., 1989. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 6th Rev. Edn. Natl. Acad. Press, Washington, D.C., pp: 90-110.

A Chapter in a Book: Leach, J., 1993. Impacts of the Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) on Water Quality and Fish Spawning Reefs of Western Lake Erie. In: Zebra Mussels: Biology, Impacts, and Control. Nalepa, T. and D. Schloesser (Eds.). Ann Arbor, MI: Lewis Publishers, pp: 381-397.

A Report: Makarewicz, J.C., T. Lewis, and P. Bertram, 1995. Epilimnetic phytoplankton and zooplankton biomass and species composition in Lake Michigan, 1983-1992. U.S. EPA Great Lakes National Program, Chicago, IL. EPA 905-R-95-009.

Conference/Proceedings: Muhammad, B.F. and R. Kwali, 2005. Prospects and constraints to small scale yogurt production in Bauchi Metropolis. Proceeding of the 10th Annual Conference of the Animal Science Association of Nigeria. University of Ado-Ekiti, Sep. 12-15, pp: 234-236.

A Thesis: Strunk, J.L., 1991. The extraction of mercury from sediment and the geochemical partitioning of mercury in sediments from Lake Superior, M.S. Thesis, Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI.

Abbreviations, symbols, and style:

Use only international standard abbreviations. In decimals, use the decimal point, not the comma. Use no Roman numerals. Foreign words, Latin names of genera, species, mathematical symbols, etc. should be italicized indicated by single underlining. Personal names after Latin names should not be italicized.

Units: The following units should be used: length (m, cm, m, mm, nm, Å), mass (kg, g, mg, mg, ng, pg, mol, mmol),

Volume (l, ml, ml), time (s, min, h, d), temperature (°C, K), radiation (Bq, Ci, dpm, Gy, rad) and concentration (M, mM, mol/l, mmol/l, mg/ml, mg/ml, %, % (v/v), % (w/v), ppm, ppb

Proofs and Reprints:

Electronic proofs would be uploads into the account of the corresponding author as a PDF file.  Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage. The authors will have free electronic access to the full text (in both HTML and PDF) of the article. Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.

Open Access:

Open Access is a publication model that enables the dissemination of research articles to the global community without restriction through the internet. Thus, all articles published under open access can be accessed by anyone with an internet connection. ALS strongly supports the Open Access initiative. Abstracts and full texts of all articles published by ALS are freely accessible to everyone immediately after publication.

Reviewers Suggestion:

The authors should mention three reviewers for reviewing their research from the field of specialty linked to their research. Two reviewers are compulsory, the third one is optional. Each reviewer complete name, Designation, field of specialty, Affiliation, Official email address and contact details should be mention at the end of the paper. If authors could not provide the reviewers after the first reminder than ALS will assign their paper to its own reviewers.

Research Ethics:

ALS requires all authors to adhere to the ethical standards as prescribed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), International Association of Scientific, Technical & Medical Publishers (STM), and World Association of Medical Editors (WAME).


Inclusions of a person who do not meet authorship requirement as specified by the editorial policy or the exclusion of a person who meets the requirement is a violation of this publication ethics.


‘The practice of taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as one’s own’ Oxford Dictionaries

Submitted manuscripts should be the original works of the author(s). Academic Journals will follow COPE guidelines in suspected cases of plagiarism.

Duplicate manuscripts:

“Duplicate publication is publication of a paper that overlaps substantially with one already published, without clear, visible reference to the previous publication”

ICMJE Overlapping Publications

It is unethical for authors to submit a manuscript to more than one journal at the same time, either within Academic Journals or any other journal. This includes the submission of manuscripts derived from the same data in such a manner that there are no substantial differences in the manuscripts. Duplicate submission also includes the submission of the same/similar manuscript in different languages to different journals.

Fabrication and falsification of data

Fabrication, manipulation or falsification of data is a violation of this publication ethics. Academic Journals will follow the COPE guidelines in suspected cases of fabrication and falsification of data.

Citations manipulation

Authors should use only citations that are relevant to their manuscripts.  The addition of references which are not relevant to the work is strongly discouraged.

Irrelevant self-citation to increase one’s citation is unethical.

Unnecessary citation of articles for the sole purpose of “increasing” the articles’ citation is unethical.

Unnecessary citation of articles from a particular journal to “increase” the journal’s citation is unethical.